Ihering, Herbert

(1888-1977)
   critic; evolved the parameters that de-fined Weimar's socially relevant theater.* Born in Springe, near Hanover, he studied philosophy, history, and Germanistik. He was soon writing essays on contemporary drama, in which he advocated a new form of theater and dispar-aged the period s level of criticism. His ideas attracted Siegfried Jacobsohn,* and from 1909 he wrote for Die Schaubuhne (see Weltbuhne). He was soon writing also for the Vossische Zeitung and moved to Austria* in 1914 to direct Vienna's Volksbuhne. After he returned to Berlin* in 1918, he focused exclu-sively on criticism, writing first for Der Tag and from 1922 for the Berliner Borsen-Courier. His work documents the history of Weimar-era theater. Much later he claimed that "the dynamism that was missing from the revolution was to be found in the theater. He perceived the crisis of Expressionist* theater while advocating a stage prepared to portray contemporary problems. As a board member for the Kleist Foundation (an organization founded to reward promising but financially impaired writers), he was committed to promoting young and unknown talent. He facilitated Bertolt Brecht s* breakthrough and sponsored the playwrights Arnolt Bronnen* and Ernst Barlach.* He also expedited the direct-ing careers of Erich Engel,* Jürgen Fehling,* and Erwin Piscator.*
   A champion of what he called "productive criticism," Ihering was less interested in the success or failure of a performance than in the total meaning of a production. Never a great stylist, he stressed what he conceived as a meta-physical interaction between "productive criticism and the "theater of pro-ductive contradiction. Because of his a partiality for "political theater, he was faulted for embracing selected playwrights—an error he later acknowledged in the case of Bronnen. He scorned isolated criticism and ridiculed the individ-ualistic approach of Alfred Kerr,* the era's premier critic. His published quarrels with Kerr were already legendary in the 1920s.
   Although Ihering was a well-known leftist, he remained in Germany after Hitler s* appointment. In 1933 he joined the Berliner Tageblatt, for which Kerr had written. He was silenced by the Reichspressekammer in 1936 for his "de-liberate and systematic sabotage of National Socialist reconstruction and thereafter published nonpolitical portraits of actors, worked for the Tobis Film Society, and from 1942 was intendant for Vienna s Burgtheater. He settled in East Berlin after World War II and produced criticism until the 1970s.
   REFERENCES:Benz and Graml, Biographisches Lexikon; Willett, Theatre of the Weimar Republic.

A Historical dictionary of Germany's Weimar Republic, 1918-1933. .

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Ihering, Herbert — (1888 1977)    Critic. Along with Alfred Kerr, Ihering was one of the two most influential theater critics from the late Wilhelmine period through the end of the Weimar Republic. He attempted to remain active under the Third Reich, but Joseph… …   Historical dictionary of German Theatre

  • Herbert Jhering — Herbert Ihering, 1946 Herbert Ihering (* 29. Februar 1888 in Springe; † 15. Januar 1977 in Berlin; auch Herbert Jhering) war ein deutscher Dramaturg, Regisseur, Journalist und Theaterkritiker …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Herbert Ihering — Herbert Ihering, 1946 Herbert Ihering (* 29. Februar 1888 in Springe; † 15. Januar 1977 in Berlin; auch Herbert Jhering) war ein deutscher Dramaturg, Regisseur, Journalist und Theaterkritiker …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Ihering — Ihering, auch Jhering geschrieben, ist der Familienname folgender Personen: Herbert Ihering (1888–1977), deutscher Journalist und Kritiker Hermann von Ihering (1850–1930), deutscher Zoologe und Direktor des Museu paulista in São Paulo, Brasilien… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Ihering — might be*Rudolf von Jhering, German jurist *Hermann von Ihering, (1850 1930), German naturalist *Herbert Ihering, critic …   Wikipedia

  • Ihering —   [ jeːrɪȖ],    1) auch Jhering, Herbert, Publizist, * Springe 29. 2. 1888, ✝ Berlin (West) 15. 1. 1977; war Theaterkritiker bei der »Schaubühne« und der »Vossischen Zeitung«, 1914 18 Dramaturg und Regisseur an der Volksbühne Wien; 1918 33… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Jhering, Herbert —    See Ihering, Herbert …   Historical dictionary of Weimar Republik

  • Jhering — Ihering, auch Jhering geschrieben, ist der Familienname folgender Personen: Herbert Ihering (1888–1977), deutscher Journalist und Kritiker Hermann von Ihering (1850–1930), deutscher Zoologe und Direktor des Museu paulista in São Paulo, Brasilien… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Liste der Biografien/Ih — Biografien: A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Liste berühmter Begräbnisstätten — Inhaltsverzeichnis 1 Ägypten 2 Argentinien 3 Australien 4 Belgien 5 Brasilien 6 Chile 7 …   Deutsch Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.